What are htaccess files
Published: August 14, 2014


.htaccess files, also known as hypertext access, are configuration files run by directories, allowing decentralized management and control of a host company's web server. Many assume hypertext access is only associated with creating custom error pages or password protected directories, however there is much more to .htaccess than that. Hypertext access has many other benefits such as automatic gzipping, improving caching, creating more affective URLs and precluding hot linking.

To break it down, .htaccess files are just simple ASCII files. This file extension can be created on any text editor and uploaded to websites using ftp (File Transfer Protocol) client. To start, hypertext access makes configuration changes on a per-directory basis, so therefore, run by directives. Directives are typically short, one lined commands used to modify the web server's behaviour. The purpose of directives in hypertext access is the ability to execute multiple directives at a time without the access of Apache's global configuration file (httpd.conf.) Apache's global configuration file stores information on the various functions of a web server which can be edited by adding/removing a number sign. So, instead of giving direct access, .htaccess files allow partial access through directories / subdirectories, allowing various people to specify and access their own Apache directories. This method could be very helpful for hosting companies using shared hosting environments with their customers. Keep in mind that some editors use wordwrap, which could throw in unnecessary characters and damage the .htaccess coding; prevent this by disabling this feature on your editor.

Although most text editors save hypertext access files as .htaccess, the default file extension can change depending on specific editing programs. For instance, the program, Notepad, automatically saves hypertext access as .htaccess.txt. In this case, you must remove .txt in order to continue editing your .htaccess file.

Also, it is very important to remember that although anything that can be accomplished in .htaccess files can be done in httpd.conf files, it does not work the other way around. This is because .htaccess files must be enabled in the httpd.conf files in order to be carried out. Once the power is enabled, httpd.conf is also limited to certain contexts by the .htaccess files, so system hosts/administrators have more control over the access they give.

.htaccess files are extremely useful and have been known to improve web servers in many ways, however there are two things one should consider before implementing hypertext access. Although it may only be a subtle change for most, .htaccess files can slow down a server by the process of AllowOverride. This process scans the directory and any above it until reaching the highest directory. Because .htaccess files affect the pages in its directory, servers can becomes slower when a page loads and AllowOverride is enforced. Security is also influenced when implementing hypertext access because .htaccess files are much more accessible than standard Apache configurations. Allowing others to make alterations on your .htaccess files gives them much more control over the server itself, so these users can do anything they want within certain limitations.

Customer Reviews:

Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
We were in a pinch and needed a new website built
We were in a pinch and needed a new website built fast. We stumbled upon The Computer Geek and reached out to them for a consultation. After the first call we felt it was a no brainier to go with them to build our site. The professionalism was second to none. Rich and his team built our new site with lightning speed and provided exceptional communication. We love the new website! Thank you for your professionalism, amazing communication, and always going above and beyond for us. We look forward to working with you in the future.
Published:
Keith BERARD
keith.berard@gmail.com
Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
heck.. I sell car parts.. make special car parts v
heck.. I sell car parts.. make special car parts very, very well...... BUT.. I'm pretty bad when it comes to being a computer guy.. I just don't know.. don't have the time.... and till now our oscommerce sites were increasingly not really being maintained.. I NEEDED HELP.. BUT . WHO DO YOU TRUST..?? Somehow I found Rich.. MY ADVICE is don't look around.. get onto Rich.. be polite.. his bills are ok.. and his service excellent. 5 star.
Published:
Dave Clee
pwdistribution@gmail.com
Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
I do not often write reviews however I felt I shou
I do not often write reviews however I felt I should with Computer Geek. I have a fair knowledge of servers and php code that I have built up since 2003. I had spent some days trying to get a new bit of stock control software to work. Having narrowed down what was causing the problem and with a few alterations managed to bring the entire site down. I am laughing about it now but 20 minutes ago I was almost sick. Having spent an hour trying to fix it or undo the damage with no success, I contacted Richard and within 2 minutes the site was up and running and within 10 minutes the bit of software I had been trying to get to work now works. Thank you again Richard
Published:
James ORourke
sales@earth-systems.co.uk
Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
Due to the positive experience we had with Mr. Ric
Due to the positive experience we had with Mr. Rich Agnew project manager, I am writing this unsolicited strong recommendation on behalf of Mr. Rich Agnew who is a project manager at The Computer Geek Company. It is a genuine pleasure to write this unsolicited letter for Mr. Rich Agnew, who is an exceptional and talented person who has repeatedly helped us with our website that stop working with Go Daddy. Before meeting and talking to Rich Agnew, we had a horrible experience with trying to find assistance in repairing our website. No one would help, they wanted to rebuild the entire website for thousands of dollars, their estimate of costs was so unreasonable we were just going to shut down the website, we felt we could not trust anyone because of what seemed to us was smoke and mirrors, and a lack of follow-up on calling us back. Despite not knowing Mr. Rich Agnew for only a brief time, I can firmly say in all the 40 years of my practice, Rich has been consistently trustworthy with his judgment and exceptionally speedy with the completion of the project. I feel I can apply a reliable yardstick in assessing Rich, especially since I was a Professor in the Doctoral Program at Nova University School of Professional Psychology for over 12 years. I have published over 40 scientific articles, written a book, have been in practice for over 40 years as a licensed psychologist in the state Florida, I have been a member of over 15 insurance networks in which I specialize in the treatment of children, adults, seniors and cancer patients. Finally, at the age of 69 you can imagine how many issues I have dealt with in my life and homes. Rich is the first project manager I have ever written an unsolicited letter of recommendation. In our transactions with Rich Agnew, he has always impressed us with his expertise, competence, and his handling difficult problems. He provided all the options, recommended the best option, and carried through the project better than we expected; this is extremely rare in our society. He is mature, handled all the computer and website problems, he is dedication and has excellent corporate skills; he is caring and has an exceptional high ethical standard. I may regret ever saying all this because then he will be moved. I highly recommend Rich Agnew without any reservations. Furthermore, I know we will be contacting him yet again because of his superb excellence and honesty.
Published:
Grant A. Killian, Ph.D.
grant@killianphd.com
Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
"Rich responded to my chat inquiry and answered my
"Rich responded to my chat inquiry and answered my phone call immediately and had the move completed by the time i got back from lunch. Hands down the best experience I've had with a service provider and I won't bother looking anywhere else when my company needs this kind of help in the future."
Published:
Darrin Wenstrand
darrin@tpai.com
Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
The Computer Geek team got my website up and runni
The Computer Geek team got my website up and running again within just a few hours. I was dead in the water and on a time constraint. Not knowing where to turn, I luckily found this great team and they solved my problem! Thank you guys!
Published:
Robert Alvarado
rwalvo@gmail.com
Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
I had an issue with my website's php code (whateve
I had an issue with my website's php code (whatever that is) ??. I also needed to update my php without crashing it. I had no idea who to turn to and feared an expensive price. Somehow, I found the computer-geek. It was fixed and updated in no time without draining my wallet. I am very pleased with the service and will certainly be recommending these guys and using them again for sure!
Published:
Pat Studstill
pat.studstill@gmail.com
Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
Great service, received a response within minutes.
Great service, received a response within minutes. Problem solved next day! Prices are reasonable. Very happy! Thank you Rich.
Published:
Shady Azer
shadya@concordeworldwide.com
Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
The computer geeks are gifted editors who strives
The computer geeks are gifted editors who strives to add excellence into all the work they do. They have worked with me on a pitch project for my comic book and I re-hired them to work with me on a feature film, CRY. The film genre was found footage so editing was a serious undertaking in order to change the film from watchable to enjoyable. They were patient with re-edits, fair and professional in their invoices, and added their own unique take on the film's final look. I would hire them again, in fact I plan on doing so in the near future.
Published:
Octavius Ra
r@orapictures.com
Computer Geek Custom Website Development and Design Company">
Rich, you're the best! You kept this about the pro
Rich, you're the best! You kept this about the project, not the $$$. Your price was extremely fair. My site was down-for-the-count; and you got it back up within one hour of my initial call. I hope I don't come off racist, but it was great to hear someone who can speak english on the other end of my call. You understood my dilemma and fixed it! I'm keeping your number, buddy! Thanks again.
Published:
George Busateri
gbusateri@att.net
[Read More Testimonials Here]

Latest Website Related Articles

how do i determine my computers name

Published: February 23, 2020
You may not know it, but your computer has a name that you or the manufacturer gave it when you were setting it up. This information can be important to know if you're trying to make changes or in need of technical support. There are different ...[Read More]

 

How to Recover Files After Emptying Your Recycling / Trash Bin

Published: February 8, 2020
For as long as the recycling/trash bin has been around, people have been trying to find ways to recover their deleted files. It can happen to anyone. You accidentally delete a file and then empty it without knowing. The good news is that there ...[Read More]

 


Here are some links to related topics:
 my website has a virus,   php application development,   web page troubleshooting,   network solutions hacked,   modx hacked,   spree commerce hacked,  


Site Secured By The Website Guardian